Desmitificando el TDAH: La verdad sobre el Trastorno por Déficit de Atención e Hiperactividad

El Trastorno por Déficit de Atención e Hiperactividad (TDAH) es un trastorno neurobiológico que afecta tanto a niños como a adultos. Se caracteriza por síntomas de inatención, hiperactividad e impulsividad, lo que puede dificultar el rendimiento académico, laboral y social de quienes lo padecen. A lo largo de los años, han surgido numerosos mitos y malentendidos en torno al TDAH. En este artículo, desmentiremos algunos de los mitos más comunes y ofreceremos información basada en la evidencia científica.

Myth 1: ADHD isn't real

The reality: ADHD is a well-established disorder.

Despite what some may believe, ADHD is a real neurobiological disorder recognized by the medical community. There is ample scientific evidence to support its existence and numerous investigations have shown that people with ADHD have differences in the structure and functioning of their brain compared to those who do not suffer from the disorder.

Myth 2: ADHD is caused by poor parenting

The reality: ADHD has a genetic and environmental basis.

ADHD is a complex disorder that arises from the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Studies have shown that there is a genetic predisposition to ADHD, and that environmental factors, such as alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy, can also increase the risk of developing it. Although proper parenting can help manage symptoms, it is not the cause of the disorder.

Myth 3: Only kids have ADHD

The reality: ADHD can affect both children and adults.

Although ADHD is commonly diagnosed in childhood, it can also affect adults. In fact, it is estimated that about 60% of children with ADHD will continue to experience symptoms into adulthood. Early diagnosis and treatment is crucial to helping people with ADHD lead full and successful lives.

Myth 4: ADHD is just an excuse for misbehavior

The reality: ADHD is a neurobiological disorder that affects behavior.

People with ADHD may have difficulty controlling their impulses and maintaining attention, which can manifest as behavioral problems. However, these behaviors are not the result of poor parenting or a lack of discipline, but of differences in brain structure and function. Proper treatment, which may include therapy and medication, can help improve these symptoms.

To learn more about the characteristics of ADHD read the article on "ADHD in adults: causes, characteristics and diagnosis"

Myth 5: ADHD medication is the only treatment option

The reality: There are several treatment options for ADHD.

Although medication is an effective and commonly used option to treat ADHD, it is not the only option available. Treatment may include a combination of behavioral therapies, psychoeducation, academic and work support, and lifestyle changes. The choice of treatment will depend on the specific needs of each individual and must be personalized to achieve the best results.

Myth 6: People with ADHD can't succeed in life

The reality: With the right support and treatment, people with ADHD can reach their goals.

While it is true that ADHD can present challenges in the academic, work and social spheres, many people with this disorder have proven to be successful in their lives. Early and appropriate treatment, along with a supportive environment, can make a big difference in achieving your goals and in the quality of life for people with ADHD.

Myth 7: ADHD only affects men

The reality: El TDAH afecta tanto a hombres como a mujeres, aunque puede manifestarse de manera diferente.

ADHD is more commonly diagnosed in men than in women, but this does not mean that women are exempt from it. Research suggests that women with ADHD may have different symptoms than men, such as inattention rather than hyperactivity, which can make diagnosis difficult. It is important to take these differences into account to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment in both genders.


Demystifying ADHD and promoting greater understanding of the disorder is crucial to ensuring appropriate support and treatment for those with it. By debunking these myths and providing evidence-based information, we can help improve the quality of life for people with ADHD and enable them to reach their full potential.

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